This book is a ‘must read’ for the President, Vice-President and their Ministers, Senators, Governors, Members of the States and Federal House of Reps, Commissioners, L.G. Chairmen, top Administrators in Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Media practitioners, Human right activists and Advocates of responsible Leadership and good Governance.
Mohammed Taofeek Ibrahim
This work is not just a book, it is a project based on empirical analysis of data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS, 2013), and the online databases of the World Bank, World Health Statistics, Transparency International and the Social Progress Imperatives. The work is aimed at assessing and evaluating the Development Status of the 36 States of the Federation and the FCT and African countries generally, to motivate transparency, accountability, responsible leadership and good governance with a promise to impact significantly on the polity, politics, political economy and sustainable development in Nigeria, Africa and other developing economies, globally.
The average percentage development performance scores across the 36 States of Nigeria and the FCT, based on the eighteen (18) assessment indicators used in this survey showed that less than half (45.9%) of the total number of States in Nigeria (including the FCT) have score of 50% or above. The top-10, best performing states are Osun (64.4%), Anambra (62.5%), Lagos (62.5%), Ekiti (61.9%), FCT (60.7%), Abia (60.5%), Imo (60.0%), Kwara (59.1%), Edo (58.5%) and Kogi (57.0%) and the bottom 10, least performing states are: Yobe, Zamfara, Taraba, Bauchi, Kebbi, Katsina, Borno, Jigawa, Sokoto, and Plateau. Generally, majority of the states recorded good performance in the education indicators, while performance in health and other indicators is average or poor for most states.
The between country comparison outcome measures used for Nigeria and other countries in Sub-Sahara Africa indicated mixed findings. Nigeria had the highest GDP and GNI amongst the listed African countries in 2016 and 2015 respectively. Amongst 30 listed African countries, Nigeria occupies the 5th position in the production of Electricity but ranks 16th amongst 53 African countries in population that have access to electricity. On the proportion of countries’ populations using improved drinking water sources, Nigeria was down the list at 34th (17th worst) of 50 listed African countries. On the proportion of countries’ populations using improved sanitation, Nigeria was down the list at 29th (23rd worst) of 51 listed African countries.
Youth Literacy rate (Ages 15-24 Years) for Male and Female, between 2007-16, for Nigeria stands at 27th and 28th of 45 African countries respectively. On male and female youth unemployment, Nigeria was up as the 14th ranked (14th best) of 50 and 16th ranked (16th best) of 51 listed African countries respectively in 2016.
The top-10 (best) countries in Africa in terms of Social Progress Index in 2014 are Mauritius, Tunisia, South Africa, Algeria, Botswana, Morocco, Egypt, Namibia, Ghana and Senegal. Compared between being 9th worst of 38 listed African countries in 2014, and 18th worst of 37 in 2017, Nigeria improved remarkably on the Social Progress Index. Nigeria made remarkable improvement in meeting the basic human needs of people from 45.83 on the BHN index in 2014 to 47.90 in 2017. There was a remarkable improvement in Nigeria’s Social Progress Index from 45.8% in 2014 to 50% in 2017.
For a clear assessment of the efforts, achievements and impact of the tenure of every successive public administration in Nigeria, the findings of this project suggest that, it is either the NDHS survey is fitted to capture the 4-year tenure of public office holders at State and Federal levels or the tenures are made to run for 5 years as currently measured by the NDHS.